Based upon the drastic actions the Chozo took to destroy them all by burning an entire valley, it is possible they can corrupt and poison the surrounding land. They can "corrupt" lifeforms such as the pollinating species the Iono Feria, making them follow the Space Pirates and attack others, which was a complete change from their normal behavior.
The homeworld of this species is unknown, though it may have possible grown on Urtraghus. It is not natural to Zebes, and is possible an Alkaloid species, as Mother Brain said the Space Pirates were detected due to this chemical and that the Iono Feria showed levels of it as well when "corrupted".
They have appeared only in the Metroid Manga.