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Help:Administrators' how-to guide

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This page is a basic how-to guide to using your admin powers. This page explains how to carry out sysop actions, and does not cover the policies that you must follow before doing these. Ensure you are aware of the relevant policies on your wiki before doing anything described on this page.

Deleting a pageEdit

Click the delete or delete this page link on the page you want to delete. If you are using the monobook skin with English as your default language, you can use the shortcut alt+d. You will be shown a page with a box to type in the reason for deletion, and a confirm box. The box will often contain the first 150 characters of the page. For speedy deletions, it may be acceptable to leave the full text as the reason. In other cases, you should specify why you are deleting it. An example reason is "listed on VfD for 5 days with 18 votes to delete and 1 to keep". This confirmation page will give you a warning if the page has more than one revision in its history. If something looks like a candidate for speedy deletion but has a page history, you must check the history before deleting it. The revision you are looking at could be just a vandalized version of a real article. After you have deleted it, check if it has a talk page and delete this too. If the page is being deleted because it should not exist, check that nothing links to it to prevent it being created again. If the page was listed on a requests for deletion page, follow the relevant guidelines on your wiki, which may include archiving the deletion discussion.

Deleting an imageEdit

To delete all versions of an image, you can select the "delete all revisions" option, or delete the image description page in the same way you would delete an article. To delete individual revision, click the del link next to that revision.

If there is more than one revision of an image, clicking the "Delete all revisions of this image" will do exactly that. You can not delete the most recent one without deleting all older copies as well, and also deleting the image description page.

After clicking Delete all revisions of this image, you will see a confirmation screen similar to that used for page deletion and the deletion will be logged at Special:Log/delete.

Images can be undeleted, and thus you can delete any questionable images first, and ask questions later. The deleted images, along with their descriptions, can be restored from Special:Undelete.

Undeleting a pageEdit

Pages can be undeleted for as long as they are in the archive. This archive is occasionally cleared out.

If a page has not been recreated since it was deleted, there will be a message on the page telling you how many deleted revisions there are. Clicking on this will take you to a page which displays the deleted revisions. You can look at each revision separately, and choose whether to undelete all revisions (the default) or selected ones. You undelete a page by clicking the restore button which appears on the confirmation page. Undeletion occurs as soon as you click this; there is no further confirmation screen or a place to type a reason. If you do not undelete all revisions, the log will record how many you did restore.

If a page already exists but you want to undelete previous revisions of it, go to the page history. There you will see the link to undelete as described above. You can also type the full URL to undelete.

See also Wikipedia:Viewing and restoring deleted pages by sysops.

Merging page historiesEdit

Merging page histories is a means of fixing cut and paste moves. Basically, it involves deleting a page, moving another page there and undeleting the original over the top of the one you just moved. This action can be reversed, but doing so may take a long time, especially when the page has a long history, so please do not attempt it unless you understand the procedure described at Wikipedia:How to fix cut and paste moves.

Protecting or unprotecting a pageEdit

To protect a page, click the protect or protect this page link.

If you are using the monobook skin, you can use the shortcut alt+=. This will lead to a confirmation screen very similar to the one used for deletion. Select the level of protection, enter the reason for protection in the box, and press confirm. In cases of edit wars, there may be a template available that should be placed on the article. See, for example, Wikipedia:Template:Pp-dispute. Unprotecting a page works in exactly the same way.

Protecting or unprotecting a deleted or non-existent pageEdit

Often, pages are created, then deleted for some reason, such as fanon or vandalism, then the very same page recreated for the same purpose, then deleted. To prevent this, go to the non-existant page, click protect, and follow the above procedures like it was an existant page.

Editing a protected pageEdit

Click edit this page in the normal way. The only difference is the warning at the top of the page reminding you the page is protected.

Protecting or unprotecting an imageEdit

Protecting an image is mostly the same as protecting a page (see above). When you click "protect" on an image description page, both the page and the image are protected. The image description page will be protected, and non-sysops will not be able to revert the image to an earlier version, or upload a new version over it.

Editing the interfaceEdit

Following consensus to do so, you can change the wording of the user interface by editing the protected pages in the MediaWiki namespace. These pages are only editable by admins.

Block a user or IPEdit

For IPs and logged in users you can click the block link in recent changes, the block link in contributions, or go to Special:Blockip. Fill in the username (if needed) and length of the block (choose from the list, or add a custom time). Add the reason for the block in the last field. This reason should explain to the user why they are blocked.

Remember that other users may be innocently affected by the block and will see this message, especially if you have blocked an IP address or a range, so do not put anything offensive, confusing or vague as the reason. Then click the block this user button. This will be logged at Special:Log/block and the user will appear in the list of blocked IP addresses and usernames until the block expires.

It is recommended that you use the block template on blocked users' talk pages to notify them of the block. See the template for usage instructions

Blocking a range of IPsEdit

Go to Special:Blockip and enter the range in the first field. Then follow the instructions in the section above. Please do not block ranges if you do not understand the process. Read range block on Meta-Wiki for instructions.

Unblock a user, IP or rangeEdit

Go to Special:Ipblocklist, find the user you want to unblock, and click the unblock link. You will have a confirmation page where you must fill in the reason for the unblock. This will be logged at Special:Log/block of your wiki and the user will be immediately unblocked. If a range is blocked, you need to unblock the whole range. It isn't possible to unblock a specific IP from that range.

Using sysop revertEdit

Any user can revert a page. Administrators and trusted users (with rollback privileges) have a rollback button to make this easier. To revert the edits of one user to the last version by the previous author, click rollback on the page history, the user contribution list, or on the diff page. Your revert will be marked as a minor edit and given the automatic edit summary Reverted edits by X to last version by Y. In cases of large scale vandalism that flood recent changes, you may use "bot rollback". Add &bot=1 to the end of the URL used to access a user's contributions. For example, http://en.wikipedia.org/w/wiki.phtml?title=Special:Contributions&target=Vandal&bot=1. When the rollback links on the contributions list are clicked, the revert, and the original edit that you are reverting will both be hidden from the default Recent changes display.

Related pagesEdit

Administrators are editors who are trusted with access to certain restricted technical features on a wikia.

How to become an admin

  • Every founder of a wikia is automatically granted admin access on the wikia they founded, in addition to bureaucrat status.
  • Bureaucrats can grant other users admin access.
  • Sysops can grant other users chat moderator access but can't promote any other users to become admin.

Admin tools

Deleting a page

Admin - Delete

Deleting a page as an admin.

  • Click the down arrow on the "Edit" button to activate the drop down menu. Select "Delete".
  • You will see a page with a menu of preset "reasons" for deletion, a box to enter any additional reasons for deletion, and the option to follow the page if you wish to know if anybody tries to recreate it. Fill in the deletion reason and click the "delete" button
  • If something looks like a candidate for speedy deletion but has a page history, you should check the history before deleting it. The revision you are looking at could be just a vandalized version of a real article. After you have deleted it, check if it has a talk page and delete this too. If the page is being deleted because it should not exist, check that nothing links to it to prevent it being created again. If the page was listed on a requests for deletion page, follow the relevant guidelines on your wikia, which may include archiving the deletion discussion.
  • See Help:Delete for more details.

Deleting an image

Admin - Delete Image
  • To delete an individual revision, first click on the actual image, then click the delete link next to that revision in the file history on the image description page.
  • You cannot delete the most recent one without deleting all older copies as well, and also deleting the image description page.
  • However, you can selectively delete a single older copy of an image.
  • To delete all versions of an image, you can select the "delete all" option in the file history, or delete the image description page in the same way you would delete an article.
  • After clicking Delete all revisions of this image, you will see a confirmation screen similar to that used for page deletion and the deletion will be logged at Special:Log/delete.

Undeletion

  • Pages and images can be undeleted using Special:Undelete.
  • Look at each revision separately, and choose whether to undelete all revisions (the default) or selected ones.
  • Click the restore button which appears on the confirmation page.
  • Undeletion occurs as soon as you click this; there is no further confirmation screen or a place to type a reason.
  • If you do not undelete all revisions, the log will record how many you did restore.
  • If a page already exists but you want to undelete previous revisions of it, go to the page history.
  • Click to view/restore the deleted versions,
  • Click the restore button once you have chosen what you wish to undelete

Merging page histories

Merging page histories is a means of fixing cut and paste moves in order to maintain a complete edit history. Note: This action can be reversed, but doing so may take a long time, especially when the page has a long history.

  • First delete the page at the correct title.
  • Move the second page to the deleted page title, using the "Move" option in the edit menu.
  • Open the history on the page, and undelete the content you deleted in the first step.

Protection and unprotection

Admin - Protect
  • To protect a page, click the small arrow on the edit button to activate the dropdown menu.
  • Choose protect. If the menu only has an unprotect option, the page is already protected; you can click that link to change the protection level.
  • You will be brought to a screen where you can set the protection for editing and for moving the page.
  • Choose the protection level you need.
  • There is also an option for cascade protection, which fully protects all templates, page transclusions and images used on that page. This checkbox should generally be left unchecked.
  • Enter a length of time for the protection to last.
  • Enter a reason for the protection change.
  • Click "Confirm"; the page will be protected.
  • Unprotecting a page works in exactly the same way, only you will click the unprotect link.
  • You can protect an image or other file from the file description page.
  • Both the description page and the image are protected.
    • The image description page will be protected against edits
    • The image will be protected so that it can not be reverted to an earlier version, and it will not be possible to upload a new version over the existing one.

Blocking

Admin block

How to block a user

  • For IPs and logged in users you can click the block link in recent changes, the block link in contributions, or go to Special:Blockip.
  • Fill in the username (if needed).
  • Choose a block length from the list, or add a custom time. The feature recognizes most common time expressions (see the tar manual).
  • Add the reason for the block in the last field. This reason should explain to the user why they are blocked.
  • Select or deselect the additional block options.
  • Click the block this user button.
  • This will be logged at Special:Log/block and the user will appear in the list of blocked IP addresses and usernames until the block expires.
  • Links in the block log or Special:BlockList allow you to unblock or change the block if an error is made.

Reverting undesirable edits

  • Any user can revert a page using the "Undo" option in the page history. Use the edit summary to explain why the edit is being undone.
  • Administrators and users with rollback status can also revert the edits of one user and restore the page to the last version by the previous author.
  • Click rollback on the page history, the user contribution list, or on the diff page.
  • Reversions are given the automatic edit summary Reverted edits by X to last version by Y.
  • Because rollbacks skip the step of adding a custom edit summary, they should be used for obvious vandalism only.
    Admin rights

    Groups you can change as an admin.

Chat

  • Admins are automatically Chat Moderators.
  • Chat moderators have the ability to kick other users from the chat. This can be done either from their Contributions page or through the main chat.
  • To identify a chat moderator, a star appears next to the name in the rail.

Best practices for administrators

Main page: Help:Best practices for administrators

Bureaucrat Status

  • Founders of wikias automatically have bureaucrat rights in addition to administrator rights.
  • Other users may be granted the bureaucrat right through wikia adoption or by another bureaucrat on the wikia.
  • The only powers a bureaucrat has is to grant rollback, chat moderator, administrator and bureaucrat status to other users, and to take away rollback, chat moderator or administrator privileges. This can be done with the User Rights special page.
  • Only Wikia Staff, Wikia Utilities, Helpers and the user themselves can remove bureaucrat status from a user, usually at the request of the user, or, in the case of inactive users, at the request of the currently active community, if a user is denied from adopting a wikia or if abused.
  • To change another editor's user rights, go to Special:UserRights.
    • Enter the user's name.
    • You will see "Groups you can change" and "Groups you cannot change." Click the boxes for the rights you wish to give the user.
    • Enter a reason, and click to save.
    • At the bottom of the page will be a log of any previous changes to the user's rights.

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